Witness in criminal proceedings
In criminal proceedings, the facts of the case are often unclear or are disputed. The facts are ascertained in court, with witnesses having a very important role in this process. Testimony is oral and direct, that is, it is given in person in the courtroom where the court is in session. The interview records produced by the police are not immediately read out in court.
Giving testimony is a civil obligation that cannot be declined. Any impediments are determined in court; hence, a summons to appear in court must always be obeyed. A witness called by a prosecutor will be compensated from state funds for travel expenses and loss of income; a per diem is also paid. The fee, compensation of travel costs and per diem to be paid to a witness are laid down in the Act (666/1972) and Decree (813/1972) on State Compensation for Witnesses.