High Court of Impeachment
The High Court of Impeachment deals with charges brought against a member of the Government or the Chancellor of Justice, the Parliamentary Ombudsman or a member of the Supreme Court or the Supreme Administrative Court for unlawful conduct in office. In addition, the High Court of Impeachment deals with charges concerning the criminal liability of the President of the Republic.
The President of the High Court of Impeachment convenes the Court when he or she has received a decision to bring a charge. The decision to bring a charge in a matter concerning the legal responsibility of a Minister is made by the Parliament, after having obtained an opinion from the Constitutional Law Committee. Cases in the High Court of Impeachment are prosecuted by the Prosecutor General. However, the Chancellor of Justice or the Parliamentary Ombudsman may prosecute a member of the Supreme Court or the Supreme Administrative Court. A private citizen cannot bring up a case in the High Court of Impeachment. Matters are, as appropriate, dealt with in the High Court of Impeachment in a similar way as criminal cases. A judgment of the High Court of Impeachment may not be appealed.
The President of the Supreme Court functions as the President of the High Court of Impeachment; the other members are the President of the Supreme Administrative Court and the three most senior-ranking Presidents of the Courts of Appeal and five members elected by the Parliament for a term of four years.
- President of the High Court of Impeachment: Tatu Leppänen, President of the Supreme Court
- Deputy President of the High Court of Impeachment: Kari Kuusiniemi, President of the Supreme Administrative Court
- Mikko Könkkölä, President of the Helsinki Court of Appeal
- Pertti Nieminen, President of the Eastern Finland Court of Appeal
- Marianne Wagner-Prenner, President of the Rovaniemi Court of Appeal
Members elected by the Parliament 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
- Johannes Koskinen
- Ritva Viljanen
- Leena Meri
- Antti Häkkänen
- Anssi Kyllönen
Riitta Saastamoinen, secretary, telephone 029 56 40101, e-mail riitta.saastamoinen(at)oikeus.fi