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The publicity of trial documents

The trial documents in administrative courts are public, unless otherwise provided in the Act on the Openness of Government Activities or other legislation.

For instance, documents concerning a person seeking asylum or containing sensitive information about an individual’s private life, health, disability or social welfare are secret. Also, for example, the documents of the security police concerning the maintenance of State security are to be kept secret.

As a main rule, a party has a right of access to documents that may influence the consideration of his or her matter regardless of the secrecy provisions. However, a party does not have a right of access to a document, if the secrecy of the document is being determined in the trial. Also, contact information of a party or other person involved in the trial may be kept secret, if access would compromise the safety of the person concerned.

Further, a party does not have an absolute right of access to a document, if access to the document would be contrary to a very important public interest, the interest of a minor or some other very important private interest. The administrative court may also decide that information compiled in connection with an official invitation to tender and relating to the business or professional secret of another tenderer is to be kept secret.

The administrative court may, regardless of the secrecy provisions, give persons other than the parties concerned right of access to a document to the extent this is necessary to guarantee a fair trial or to secure an important public or private interest relating to the case.

Published 12.4.2017