In a civil case, a dispute between private individuals or corporations is decided impartially by a court. The matter may pertain, for example, to tort liability, inheritance disputes, the cancellation of a transaction or the rent for an apartment. The district court makes enforceable decisions also in matters pertaining to undisputed demands for payment or evictions.
A civil case becomes pending when a written application for a summons is delivered by the plaintiff to the registry of the district court. The application for a summons may also be filed electronically.
The application for a summons must contain the name of the court, the names of the plaintiff and the defendant, the legal counsels and the witnesses, and their contact information.
In the application for a summons, the plaintiff explains what he or she demands of the defendant and on what grounds. If the claim is based on a contract or some other document, the document must be appended to the application for a summons. The plaintiff must also name the evidence, i.e. written evidence and/or witnesses, in the matter. A claim for the compensation of legal costs may also be made.
A court fee will be charged from the plaintiff in a civil case. If the party cannot bear the costs of court proceedings, these may, under certain circumstances, be covered from state funds (legal aid).
If the matter pertains to a simple undisputed debt or an eviction, for example, the contents of the application for a summons need not be as detailed as in disputed cases. Nor does the application for a summons need to contain information on the evidence in that case.
Filing an application for a summons through e-services
Through the e-services of the judicial administration, creditors can file an application for a summons concerning an undisputed debt with a district court, follow the progress of its processing, and receive a decision in the matter.
Those who file applications for a summons often, for instance professional debt collection agencies, may also file these by using a closed data transmission system.