Summary civil cases
Summary civil cases are undisputed civil cases that are decided by a district court in a summary procedure, in other words in the written procedure. Such cases include undisputed debt collection cases, such as cases concerning unpaid rents, consumer credits, and phone and electricity bills, as well as undisputed cases concerning restoration of possession or a disrupted circumstance.
Summary proceedings can be initiated at a district court with an application for a summons that contains less information than what is required for other civil proceedings. The prerequisite for using the less detailed application for a summons is that the plaintiff, i.e. the creditor, has stated that to his or her knowledge the matter is not under dispute.
As of 1 September 2019, everyone else except private individuals initiating their personal matter must use electronic services for initiating a summary civil case. The application for a summons must be submitted to a district court through either the e-service or the data transmission interface (Santra) of the judicial administration. In most cases, an application for a summons submitted in any other manner will be disregarded. In certain exceptional cases, however, an application for a summons can be submitted to a district court as a paper copy or as an attachment to an email message.
Private individuals initiating their personal matter can submit their application for a summons either through the e-service of the judicial administration, as an attachment to an email message, or as a paper copy.
As of 1 September 2019, summary civil cases are considered by the District Courts of Åland, Helsinki, Eastern Uusimaa, Kymenlaakso, Lapland, Oulu, Pirkanmaa, Ostrobothnia and Southwest Finland.
As a rule, the competent district court is determined on the basis of the defendant’s municipality of residence or permanent residence.