Compensation for delays in the judicial proceedings
A party may be entitled to a monetary compensation out of State funds for undue delays in the judicial proceedings. The objective is to compensate for the concern, uncertainty or other comparable damage caused by the delay.
Compensation may be paid in civil, petitionary and criminal matters pending in a general court of law. The general courts of law in Finland are the district courts, the courts of appeal and the Supreme Court. The claim for compensation must be filed with the court considering the main issue before the consideration of the matter has ended. A party is entitled to receive compensation for the excessive length of judicial proceedings also in the administrative courts, the Insurance Court and other special courts, the Supreme Administrative Court and the appeal boards.
The assessment of whether the judicial proceedings have been delayed is made with regard to the length of the judicial proceedings as well as the nature and extent of the matter, the actions of the authorities and courts during the proceedings and the significance of the matter to the party. Also the legal praxis of the European Court of Human Rights is taken into account.
The amount of the compensation is 1,500 euros for each year during which the judicial proceedings have been delayed for a reason that a court of law or an authority is liable for. The total amount of the compensation may be raised by a maximum of 2,000 euros, if the main issue is of particular significance to the party. The maximum amount of the compensation is 10,000 euros and may be exceeded on special grounds. If a punishment is reduced or an administrative penalty is mitigated on grounds of the excessive length of judicial proceedings, a party is not entitled to a monetary compensation to this part.