Preparation of a criminal case
Consideration of a criminal case at a court is usually divided into two stages, a written preparation and a main hearing. A simple criminal case where the suspect has admitted his or her guilt can be decided also solely on the basis of written procedure.
The district court will open proceedings in a criminal case once the prosecutor has delivered the application for a summons has arrived to the court. When needed, the district court will exhort the injured party to file a claim for compensation, unless the prosecutor has already done so on behalf of the injured party.
The defendant will be served with a summons, where he or she is summoned to appear at the main hearing in order to respond to the presented charge and the claims for compensation presented by the in-jured parties. In this connection, the defendant is often requested to submit a written response to the district court before the hearing.
The district court issues summonses also to the witnesses and to those injured parties whose presence in court is necessary for the clearing up of the case.
However, the injured parties are not summoned if they have not filed a claim for compensation or if the prosecutor has filed the claim for compensation on behalf of them. They are entitled to come to the main hearing, but they must self find out about the date and time of the hearing. Some district courts send a notice of the hearing to all parties of the case.