Main hearing in a civil case
In a simple case, the main hearing can be held immediately after the preparatory hearing. However, in complex cases including witnesses, the main hearing is held on a date agreed upon separately. First, the chair summarises the results of the preparation of the case and the demands of the parties. Thereafter, the plaintiff and the defendant present more detailed grounds for their demands. Then, the written evidence is gone through and any witnesses heard. The main hearing ends with the parties’ closing statements, wherein they express an opinion as to how the case should be decided.
The parties should prepare carefully for the main hearing. It is important that all relevant points are fresh in mind.
New claims or evidence not presented during the preparation can no longer be presented in the main hearing, unless there has been a valid reason for the failure to present them earlier. The main hearing can be adjourned only in exceptional cases. All persons concerned should arrive on time at a hearing of the district court.
In most cases, the judge in charge of the preparation chairs the main hearing and decides the matter on his or her own. Where necessary, a panel of three judges can be present at the main hearing.