Preparation of a criminal case
Consideration of a criminal case at a court is divided into two stages, preparation and main hearing. A district court initiates proceedings in a criminal case once an application for a summons drawn up by the prosecutor has arrived at the court. Where necessary, the district court requests the injured party to file a claim for compensation, unless the prosecutor has already done so on behalf of the injured party.
The defendant will be served with a summons, where he or she is summoned to appear at a district court session, in other words a main hearing, in order to respond to the presented charge and the claims for compensation presented by the injured parties. In this connection, the defendant may be requested to submit a written response to the district court before the main hearing.
The district court also issues summonses to the injured parties and witnesses whose presence in court is necessary for the clearing up of the case.
However, the injured parties are not summoned if they have not filed a claim for compensation or if the prosecutor has filed the claim for compensation on behalf of them. They have the right to be present at the main hearing, but they must find out the date and time of the hearing themselves. Some district courts send a notice of the hearing to all parties in the case.
A simple criminal case where the suspect has admitted his or her guilt can also be decided in written procedure, in which case the decision is made solely based on written documents.