If a person is sentenced to a punishment for causing a serious traffic hazard, driving while intoxicated or driving while seriously intoxicated, a driving ban of at most five years is also imposed on the person. A driving ban may also be imposed for other traffic violations.
The length of the driving ban is a minimum of one month for those sentenced for driving while intoxicated and a minimum of three months for those sentenced for driving while seriously intoxicated or causing a serious traffic hazard. If a person sentenced for driving while intoxicated during the five years following the offence commits the same offence again or causes a serious traffic hazard, the length of the driving ban imposed on him or her is at least six months. In case of the aggravated form of these offences, the driver is banned from driving for at least one year.
If the person who is banned from driving necessarily needs a valid driving licence because of his or her profession or other weighty reasons, a conditional driving ban with a probationary period of at least one year may be imposed in certain cases. The prerequisite for the imposition of a conditional driving ban is that the offence has not been conducive to endangering the safety of others. If the sentenced person commits a similar offence during the probationary period, the driving ban will be enforced. A conditional driving ban may be imposed only once, which means that if the person commits a corresponding offence again, the driving ban is always enforced.
A person guilty of driving while intoxicated or while seriously intoxicated may, by requesting this before the judgment is passed, be imposed a conditional driving ban of a minimum of one year, during which he or she will only be allowed to drive a car, bus, van, lorry or tractor equipped with a breath alcohol ignition interlock device, in other words an alcolock (controlled right to drive). The police may impose a controlled right to drive already before the court proceedings.
The alcolock prevents ignition if the driver's breath indicates a blood alcohol level of 0.1 per mil. The ignition lock requires the driver to blow into the device while driving as well.
Those subject to alcolock-controlled right to drive must also visit a physician or another healthcare professional to discuss the use of intoxicants, the effects of them on health and the possibilities for rehabilitation. All expenses related to the controlled right to drive, around EUR 2,000 or more, are paid by the offender.